Chord Construction – A Recap

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Over the last couple of articles we have been looking at how chords are constructed. A lot of chords have been covered so a brief summary is in order.

Major Chords – Must contain the 1st, 3rd and if extended the 7th:


Minor Chords – Must contain 1st, b3 and if extended a b7:


Dominant – Must contain 1st, 3rd and b7:


Sus Chords – Replace the 3rd with the scale degree specified:


Augmented Chords – Sharpen the 5th:


Dominant Altered Chords – Play the 1st, 3rd, b7 and adjust the other notes as specified:


Minor Altered Chords - Play the 1st, b3rd, b7 and adjust the other notes as specified:


There are still some outstanding issues and special cases, so there’s more to come…..

In the meantime, work hard and have fun!!


-Duncan Richardson - MU Columnist


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